Monday, August 24, 2009

Programmatically assign specific permission in SharePoint

SharePoint site security helps manage permissions for different resources within a site by defining the levels of accessibility permissions for different peoples and groups. In SharePoint, always the top-level or the parent level permissions are inherited to it's child contents (e.g. a sub-site inheriting permissions from it's parent site collection).

In-order to create unique permission we need to break the inheriting parent permission and create new permission level for the SharePoint content. These permissions can be defined for specific users or groups.

Provided below is an example using C# for defining custom permission for a list item.

// assign a item to SPListItem object.
SPListItem objLstitem = objLst.Items[0]; // objLst is the SPList object

// get the user by ID/Email
// objSpWeb is the SpWeb object

SPUser objUser = objSpWeb.SiteUsers.GetByEmail(;

// Break inheriting parent permissions for this List Item.

// assign Role to the defined User
SPRoleDefinitionCollection objWebRoleDefn = objSpWeb.RoleDefinitions;
SPRoleAssignment objRoleAssign = new SPRoleAssignment(objUser);

// specify the name of the role definition like [Full Control][Read][Contribute] etc.

I have written the same here also:Programmatically assign specific permission in SharePoint

Samarendra Swain

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